2 septembre 1870 – En guerre avec la Prusse, le France est battue à Sedan, sur le front de l’Est. Napoléon III capturé, c’est la fin du Second Empire.
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September 2, 1870 – At War with Prussia, France was defeated at Sedan, on the eastern front. Napoleon III captured, it is the end of the Second Empire.
September 4 – An interim government headed by Gambetta is taking place. This event marks the beginning of a third republic, which lasted until 1939.
Meanwhile, the Prussians marched into Paris. Capital protected by its fortifications and its National Guard, will remain under siege for several months.
During the severe winter 1870/71 the Parisian lack everything. Starved, cut off from the world’s population will stand 119 days. At the end, we could not find any animal alive. Even the rats had been eaten.
January 28, 1871 – An armistice was signed with Prussia. In May, the Treaty of Frankfurt that will seal the peace deprive France of Alsace and Lorraine.
On March 18, the government concerned about the mood of Parisians, request the army to recover the guns stored in mounds Montmartre and Belleville. Once there, the military will face the uprising of a population exasperated by the cowardice of its leaders.
The soldiers fraternized and shoot their generals. This is the beginning of the Paris Commune.
Paris is for three months under the yoke of an early revolution. All imperial and religious symbols are blacklisted. The Palais des Tuileries and the Hotel de Ville will be destroyed. The Vendôme Column is slaughtered and many priests were shot.
All the while, the government of Thiers seeks refuge at Versailles parade. May 18, taking advantage of a vulnerability monitoring Gate Point du Jour (to the Porte de Saint Cloud), the regular army “Versaillaise” enters Paris and the revolt brutally dull.
There will be 30,000 dead on the side of the Communards, whose last resisters will be executed at Pere Lachaise, before the “Wall of Federated.”
For more information on the lives of these events, I highly recommend the site http://www.raspouteam.org/